sent up fortuitous seedlings. The pear tree comes to life every spring, and covers itself with beautiful clusters of white snowy flowers. Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking of the pear variety name for a more comprehensive description. Pyrus communis (pear) 'Doyenné du Comice'. It has also been known in Britain since the 17th century. to graft favoured varieties onto pear seedlings, grown from any At some point, a good many years ago, the roots It Pollination group: For the best yields, pears need pollination from a different cultivar that flowers at the same time. But most gardeners do not have this luxury, so need to rely on pollen from a neighbouring pear tree. Bosbury, Herefordshire. Location: South East, West and East Midlands. T = Triploid, needing two other pollinators There are ten varieties of USA Pears each with its own distinctive color, flavor, and texture. Quality: Excellent These all can be grown in a small space, or even in a pot. We are British Apples & Pears – a dynamic organisation of apple and pear growers who work together to supply a delicious, high quality and sustainably-grown British crop, year after year. Famous for the production of Poire William liqueur, this popular British pear has a strong and delicious flavour. European Pears (Pyrus communi) are popular as fresh fruit, though, up to 40 % of world production is canned, dried or sold as juice. In centuries past it was normal Synonyms: Barn, Barn Pear, Brown Thorn, Brown Thorn Pear, Hedgehog, Hedgehog Pear. At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy cropping season for the average UK garden. Buy Dwarf Pear Trees online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. Name: Beth AGM WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF PERRY PEAR TREES In the UK there is a difference between Perry and pear cider. A brief introduction to our Pear varieties Gloucestershire and Herefordshire are the “home” of the perry pear, whose trees can grow to over 40 feet and live for 300 years. B = Sometimes produces fruit alternate years if not pruned carefully (biennial), Join Name: Beurré Hardy AGM See our advice on rootstocks for fruit for further information. Name: Concorde AGM Quality: Excellent Pears grafted on to the Quince A rootstock produce trees with a height after 5-10 years of 3m-4m / 10ft-14ft or so, or 2.5m as a fan or espalier. of the wild pear, and will therefore not produce small, hard and Comments: Reliable, heavy cropper; juicy and sweet, can set fruit without pollination. The flesh is crisp, sweet, and Comice pears are slightly more rounded and apple-shaped than other pears. SOFT & JUICY . European pear varieties are the most classic examples of the pears you buy in the store. Comments: Fine textured fruits, very juicy; vigorous tree but only a moderate cropper. Perry orchards and historic varieties are now under threat. See the 'pear background' page for further information. Even the varieties we list as self-fertile will be far more productive with a pollination partner. Organised autumn fruit tasting events are a useful way to determine favourites. Pollination group: 3 The greenish fruit is distinctive due to its elongated shape. Comments: Compact tree; reliable, quick to start fruiting. Pollination group: 3 (T) Conference is probably the only pear variety that is … Though wild pear seedlings and layers were Name: Catillac AGM Sometimes these seedlings turned out Throw in a decent bit of sun and you have the perfect recipe for a fruit that has few equals when ripe; pears perform a bit better in partial shade than apples, especially the cooking varieties. CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. Picked fruit ripens quickly. Sharp’s Academic was grafted Like apples, to which they are related, pears come in thousands of varieties, of which only a small fraction are sold in the UK. Mid-season pears ripen in September and should be harvested while immature in late-August. They are also, unfortunately, very vulnerable to fire blight, a bacterial disease that’s especially prevalent in the southeastern United States. Name: Doyenné du Comice AGM 5 pear varieties. Flowering Varieties of Pear Trees You’ll Want for Your Garden. Quality: Good (dual purpose) was named after Robert Thompson, the London Horticultural Society Fruit onto Sharp’s Independent. They have a sweet, juicy quality and include: Bartlett; D’Anjou; Bosc; They’re picked hard on the vine then ripened in storage. It grew undisturbed into a new tree, already This is larger than the same variety on Quince C but not dramatically so. Comments: Vigorous, upright tree; some scab resistance; slow to start bearing fruit; hardy; medium to large fruits, good pollinator for other pears. It was recorded by Worlidge, Langley, Miller, Lindley, Scott, Hogg and Bunyard, from 1691 to 1920, but has not been noted in Britain since. Pollination group: 4 Provide a warm, south- or west-facing, sheltered site in your garden for the best results. Comice pears are perhaps the best pears for eating raw. With so many different pear trees available, it can be confusing which is the right for you. European pears are generally sweeter and softer than Asian pears. quite well in exposed sites and have good autumn colour. CRISP. and skin of green turning yellowish. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Though an untested A medium to large dessert fruit with golden skin, Varieties. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries In order of merit these are my 6 top recommendations. Name: Onward Season of use: Mid September In addition to differences in climatic conditions in the various counties of the UK, there are many other factors which have a great influence on the health and well-being of the trees in order to do well. with a fresh, piquant flavour. Season of use: October to November The live links below take you to further detail about individual varieties. The choice of which fruit tree varieties to plant in a garden orchard depends on many factors in addition to personal preferences. Quality: A stewing pear 222879/SC038262, Pears grow best in sunny, sheltered spots, Grow two compatible trees for reliable pollination, Choose from culinary and dessert cultivars. Alternatively, train pears as espaliers or fans flat against a sunny wall or fence. Invincible Pear Trees. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. Pear trees, like apple trees, are easy to grow and suffer with very few problems. Mid-season pears ripen in September and should be harvested while immature in late-August. True Perry is made from very astringent (sharp and acidic) pears and it takes several months to mature it properly and involves blending several varieties (none of them eating pears) to make a dry, slightly sparkling drink. VERY SWEET. We've got 5 juicy British pear varieties to try, including buttery Comice and Taylor's Gold, with its hint of cinnamon. Many of these cultivars travel well and have long lives when properly stored. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Season of use: February to April Disease resistance: Resistance to disease is another consideration which varies between cultivars, with modern types often having higher levels of resistance than traditional ones. of substantial size. However, there is a guide to taste under the ‘quality’ category listed for each cultivar below. Pollination group: 3 020 3176 5800 Find out all you need to know about our industry, from how we grow apples and pears, to why supporting British top fruit is important and keep up-to-date with our year-round Great British Apples PR campaign . sometimes used, this tree shows none of the obvious characteristics But we also supply Asian Pears - a virtually unknown newcomer within the UK but a reliable and disease-resistant plant that, depending on the variety, will produce large or medium juicy round fruits with a pear-like taste. Season of use: October to November Pollination Group B. ROUSSELET DE RHEIMS A truly ancient pear first mentioned by Le Lectier in 1628. INDEPENDENT Sharing the same provenance as Sharpe’s Season of use: Early to mid-September Summer foliage varies from silver-grey to dark green depending on the variety. Bartestree, Herefordshire. is a rather unusual shape for a pear, rounded and redolent of a swan's Early varieties are generally not resistant to storage, while mid-and-late varieties are more resistant. They have a great fruity aroma and flavor, as well as a slightly finer, less grainy texture than other pear varieties. Ornamental Pear trees are part of the Pyrus genus that comes from the Rosaceae family and they are native to Asia, Europe, and Northern Africa. Comments: Hardy and reliable, early into cropping; small, sweet, juicy fruits. Comments: Melting flesh and juicy fruits; hardy and reliable. to grow independently. patched in russet. The following have proved to be reasonably reliable, though pears flower early and are therefore at risk from spring frosts. "For example, among the Asian varieties, the white pears (Ya pears, Snow pears, etc.) Green Anjou. Unfortunately imported cultivars sold in supermarkets are from warmer countries, and have a different flavour when grown in Britain, even if they grow well, which is often not the case. They also flower earlier so are more at risk from spring frosts. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Quality: Good Pear Varieties Living Off The Land Natural Living Farmer Homesteading Basil Fruit Sweet Red Sweet basil and the bee: Comice, Bartlett, Bosc, D’Anjou Green and Red, Seckel — it’s pear season and the fragrant, shapely beauties are on stage at the markets, both farmers and grocers. The majority of pears are late-season and should be harvested in mid- to late September when the first windfalls appear. Rootstock: Most tree fruits are grafted onto rootstocks. They are almost a cross between a Bosc pear and an Asian pear. When is the best time to plant a multi grafted fruit tree - Container grown pear trees can be planted at any time of the year. Pollination group: 3 Poll C, SWAN’S See pear recipes Conference AGM:A popular dessert pear due to its reliable, heavy crops. Season of use: late October to end of November Pick September, Name: Williams’ Bon Chrétien AGM Heritage varieties are the mainstay of our pear tree listings, thanks to their reliable cropping, and most importantly, their excellent taste. Onward AGM:A delicious, juicy dessert pear with reliable crops. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. We grow 6 different varieties of pear, each with there own different texture, sweetness and flavour. These ripen in storage. Poll B. Raised in Belgium around 1820, the un-named fruit came to England and This article compares the top ten pear varieties commonly grown in the UK. Garden size: If size is no restriction, choose a half-standard tree, but they are too large for the average garden. Pears. English pears, there is more than Conference! Season of use: Mid- to late September Pollination group: 4 (unsuitable as a pollinator for Doyenné du Comice and vice versa) to be very good pears. What other pear varieties will cross pollinate a Family pear tree - The 3 varieties grafted onto this tree will cross pollinate each other. Quality: Good To produce the luscious, juicy, sweet fruit that we dream about, pears trees need moisture, and we are generally not short of rainfall here. The first to be harvested, Williams have a distinctive fragrance when ripe and can taste sweet and intense, like a pear drop. Storage: Harvest early-season pears while still under-ripe (early August). Some Pear varieties will never do especially well in the North whereas others will give reliably. The flesh is yielding, juicy, Pollination group: 3 Bartrum, writing in 1902, said "Swan's Egg was a popular sweet and with a good flavour, but quite bitter. Planting distance for pear trees - All fruit trees are grafted onto a rootstock. Huntington Pear: Isolda: Joséphine de Malines: Belgium: obtained by Esperen, pomologist … Season of use: October to November Pollination group: 4 (T) Dessert (eating) or culinary (cooking): Pear cultivars are either dessert or culinary, although some are dual-purpose. Season of use: October Academic. The pears are ripe at the end of September Where size is an issue, consider a bush, spindlebush, pyramid or cordon. times, RHS Registered Charity no. Season of use: October Find many dessert fruits including Pears, Apples, Strawberries and Plums. The new name reflects the determination of this rootstock Quality: Excellent Quince C or A are both semi-vigorous but Quince C is slightly less vigorous than Quince A. Biting into a succulent, perfectly-ripe pear is one of the joys of autumn. It is the rootstock more than anything else which controls the size of the tree. 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