It is only when a major reduction in the rate of population growth will be realized that we can be hopeful that population problems in Pakistan will reduce in the future. Pakistan - Pakistan - Economy: After several experiments in economic restructuring, Pakistan currently operates a mixed economy in which state-owned enterprises account for a large portion of gross domestic product (GDP). Any study of human development is incomplete without considering demographic transition; a phenomenon likely to have a profound impact on Pakistan’s future, given its young population. The people of Pakistan also have a role to play in the fight against population growth. This implies that in the future, poverty and child labor are expected to increase since education is the only tool that can be used to predict a better future for these people. IvyPanda. Rehana Siddiqui, “Energy and Economic Growth in Pakistan,” The Pakistan Development Review 43. no. IvyPanda. Youth from both rural and urban areas are exposed to current trends through television, internet and outdoor media. Currently, 34.9 % of the population of Pakistan is urban (75,510,639 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. EDUCATION. Pakistan Population Projections. The COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).The virus was confirmed to have reached Pakistan on 26 February 2020, when two cases were recorded (a student in Karachi who had just returned from Iran and another person in the Islamabad Capital Territory). Population growth rate is 2.1 % and in the list of most populous countries, Pakistan is at 6 th number. Web. Design Observational cross-sectional study. While the country is ageing, high birth rates and relatively low life expectancy mean that the population will continue to be overwhelmingly young, with one of the lowest median ages in the region. The country has experimented with several economic models during its existence. Though, once a water-surplus country with huge water-resources of the Indus River System, Pakistan is now a water-deficit country. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. VAT No. It is also estimated that virtually a half of the population in Pakistan is illiterate. During the same five-year period, the total fertility rate, the infant mortality rate, the crude death rate and the crude birth rate are expected to reduce to figures close to 2.7, 42.2, 5.6, and 21.4 respectively (Sathar 7). Introducing enhanced country reports featuring interactive datagraphics, charts and analysis. The economy will register a weak recovery in fiscal year 2020/21 (July-June), growing by 0.8%, partly owing to the government’s fiscal consolidation efforts. Pakistan is expected to experience high GDP growth rate because of its increasing size in working age group . Therefore, the main causes of the problem are the causes of inefficiency in combating population growth. It is thus deducible that a the predicted population will be very effective in undermining poverty alleviation efforts and the efforts being taken in the country to improve the standard under which the country’s population live by provision of basic necessities like water, electricity and the like. © 2020 Euromonitor is privately owned & trademarked. What will the population of Pakistan be in 2030? Pakistan too will grow old, and care of the elderly will become important in future, with women being most vulnerable, more so economically, because of longer life expectation. Pakistan is one of the most populous countries in the worldwith a large Muslim population and a rather low urbanization rate, which means that the majority of … January 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/current-and-future-population-problems-in-pakistan/. CURRENT AND FUTURE NEEDS 1 Introduction 1.1 The increasing importance of chronic disease Over the past century, the economically more developed countries of the world have gone through considerable change in their population structure and the types of diseases which afflict them – the so-called demographic and epidemiological transitions. As Pakistan is now recovering from lockdown, it is expected that regular service provision will resume to cover the gaps that may have developed. Pakistan continues to face multiple sources of internal and external conflict. The discussion below investigates the root cause of the problems that Pakistan if facing and suggests a number of solutions that can be implemented to reduce the effects these problems have had on the people of Pakistan. Demographics are the characteristics of people that change over time, whereas social change is the evolution of people’s behaviours or cultural norms over time. Your privacy is extremely important to us. We will write a custom Essay on Current and future population problems in Pakistan specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. Subscribe to our content! The stated inability of the government and the Pakistan population to reduce their rate of population growth is due to their lack of effectiveness in implementing family planning programmes which were started in this country in the 1950’s (Hagen 1). This comes after the pace of the U.S. labor market recovery slowed in October with unemployment at 6.9%. Pakistan and ADB. This is very unfortunate for Pakistan especially considering the fact that other countries like China are getting billions of dollars in form of foreign investment while other small countries like Philippines have a substantial amount of tourism activity and foreign investments. Currently, 36 per cent of Pakistan’s labour force is aged between 15-24. This has led to economic degeneration and the country is, seemingly, unable to come up with measures to counteract the effects that large population size has had on its economy. (LA) Lower Chenab Canal System Rehabilitation (LA) Punjab Irrigation System Improvement (TC) Strengthening Irrigation Management System Including Agriculture Extension through Farmers' Participation in the Punjab Province (TCDP) Project for the Master Plan Study on Livestock and Dairy Development in Sindh Province Data source: United Nations (2013) World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision. The IMF programme to support Pakistan’s external account is expected to restart in early 2021. (2020) 'Current and future population problems in Pakistan'. The most influential Megatrends set to shape the world through 2030, identified by Euromonitor International, help businesses better anticipate market developments and lead change for their industries. Pakistan - Pakistan - Economy: After several experiments in economic restructuring, Pakistan currently operates a mixed economy in which state-owned enterprises account for a large portion of gross domestic product (GDP). What they will be in the future is uncertain, but it is certain that they will change. This should be followed by family planning programmes which will definitely have an impact on the population growth rate since the Pakistan population will have gained an understanding of the grave importance of low birth rates. Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. Source: Population of Pakistan: An Analysis of Population and Housing Census, 1998, and Planning Commission Sub-Group-2 on Population Projections 2010-15. If the government and its people prioritize improvement of education institutions, there can be a guarantee that the population problem and some of its resultant effects will reduce in the future. Pakistan is one such country, where between 2000 and 2013 an average 1.8% reduction in childhood mortality was reported, and in 2013 there was an average 75.8 deaths per 1000 live births. Projected Sea Level Rise 21 C. Sector Climate Change Impacts 23 1. If nothing much is done from now on, Pakistan is expected to be one of the three most populated countries in the whole world. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. This paper investigates the population problem in Pakistan by suggesting the possible reasons for the current population trends, the effects they have on the country, possible solutions to the prevailing population problems and future predictions of population in Pakistan and its implications. The CDC-Pakistan FELTP, located in the Pakistan NIH, has worked closely with the GoP since 2006. There is also the need for implementation of a service delivery plan bound to achieve effective results throughout the entire country. Download a sample report: Dominican Republic in 2030 : The Future Demographic. The awareness programs should be aimed at ensuring that every Pakistan citizen understands that smaller families are better than larger families and helping every Pakistan citizen break cultural and social chains tying them to high fertility. water in developmental activities in Pakistan. Overpopulation has come as one of the biggest problems of our country and the government tends to pay no heed to it. January 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/current-and-future-population-problems-in-pakistan/. Otherwise, the existing problems of poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, etc will worsen and with time the country will fall under the weight of its sheer population size. Punjab It can be deduced from the failure of these programmes that the government did not adequately educate the public about the crucial importance of family planning and the grave repercussions of ignorance of the same. November 17, 2020. The government can also launch a programme to mitigate the effects that high population growth rates have had on the country by diverting some resources to alleviation of poverty, investing in agricultural activities to feed its citizens by increasing food security and coming up with policies to avoid formation of poor urban areas that increase poverty and crime. Climate Change Impacts on Water Sector in Pakistan 28 3. If the prevailing population growth rate in Pakistan, 2.1 percent per year, persists, Pakistan is expected to have a population of between 220 million and 250 million between the years 2020 and 2025 (Hagen 1). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan E-mail: [email protected]@pbs.gov.pk After Partition of India in 1947, two-thirds of the Muslims resided in Pakistan (both east and West Pakistan) but a third resided in India. A total of 400 children aged between 04-17 years, who are involved in labourious activities were administered a structured questionnaires to collect data. In addition to increased heat, drought and extreme weather conditions in some parts of the country, the melting of glaciers in the Himalayas threatens many of the most important rivers of Pakistan… "Current and future population problems in Pakistan." The discussion above implies that there will be no pronounced effect of the drop in the population growth rate since the life expectancy has increased and the negligible increase in population growth rate will be neutralized by the aging population to keep population problems virtually constant. Based on the current figures, CPR projection shows low contraceptive prevalence in Pakistan as compared to India and Bangladesh. Due to the above stated concern, the government of Pakistan has come up with population reduction policies aimed at gradually reducing the population growth rate. The government therefore needs to develop strategic programmes aimed at creating extensive public awareness that will make the population in Pakistan realize the importance of family planning. 4 The immigrant share of the U.S. population is approaching a record high but remains below that of many other countries. Most of those new billion will be in the middle class economically, as the percentage of citizens in dire poverty continues to drop (a rare sustainability win). 4) Pakistan will be left behind in South Asia in 25 years. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) While this represents relatively strong population growth, with India becoming the largest country in the world in 2027, it will continue to decelerate over this period due to falling birth rates, increasing death rates and negative net migration. The Future Demographic reports originate from the Population and Homes page of our Countries & Consumers database. Urban population growth will remain strong, and Karachi will carry on dominating the urban landscape, however the population will still be predominantly rural up to 2030. The government priority among its policies is the attainment of ensuring that, ten years from now, it will reach the replacement fertility level. New city dwellers in Asia, Africa and Latin America are no longer low-mobility rural dwellers who cannot imagine leaving their village home for good and seeking a new life in a world of seemingly limitless opportunities. In fact, the last census […] Pakistan’s total population was more than 180 million in the year 2009 with a total fertility rate of 4.0 in the same year (Sathar 7). Climate Change Impacts on Energy Sector 31 4. This is because Iran started its family programme in the 1980’s while Bangladesh started their in the 1970’s and both countries realized exponential declines their fertility rates unlike Pakistan (Hagen 1). *Economic Survey of Pakistan 2013-14 Thus far, the population growth has been eroding a part of the development gains. Livestock Resources of Pakistan: Present Status and Future Trends and about 35 million people are engaged in livestock-related activities, earning about 40% of their income from it [Government of Pakistan, 2002]. Punjab In the current study, we aimed to determine the pattern of different hematological parameters and various risk factors in VSDs in local pediatric patients. The country has also experienced an establishment of criminal and terrorist networks that have made it fail to qualify for investments and tourism. Current and Future Trends in Tourism and Hospitality. Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. Current and future population problems in Pakistan, Exponential Population Growth: It Is a Small World, After All, Solutions to the population problems in Pakistan, Strategies to avoid future population problems, Life Expectancy and Fertility Rate Connection, Characteristics of a Failed State: Pakistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan Border Region Issues: Impact on Pakistan Society, Conflict between India, Pakistan, China and Kashmir, Economic Issues: Reducing Fertility in Bangladesh, A Brief History of the Conflict between India and Pakistan, Statistical Analysis of the Republic Of Pakistan, The Chinese One Child Policy, Its Origin and Effects. Climate change in Pakistan is expected to cause wide-ranging effects on the environment and people in Pakistan. Understand the population structure of the consumer market, Track long-term demographic changes which will impact consumer demand, Realise growth potential of the biggest cities, Identify target markets in terms of population diversity, age and sex. The government therefore needs to engage itself in public awareness campaigns aimed at educating the public about the importance of small families. This is mainly due to the religious fanatics that make the most of Pakistan population. January 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/current-and-future-population-problems-in-pakistan/. Gain competitive intelligence about market leaders. Track key industry trends, opportunities and threats. The fastest growing demographic will be the elderly, with the population of people over 65 years old at 1 billion by 2030. In comparison with other countries like Bangladesh and Iran, where family planning programmes like the use of contraceptives had a dramatic effect, Pakistan has not been serious with their family planning programmes. Source: Pakistan Demographic & Health Surveys 2006-07, 2012-13 & 2017-18, Maternal Mortality Survey 2019. 1. However, Pakistan’s siloed education system does not allow interactions across diverse groups or campuses, leading to intolerance, and in some cases, radicalization. For instance, if the Pakistan people abandon their belief that family planning amounts to going against the will of God, better results can be seen from family planning efforts and this will substantially reduce the population growth rate. The above mentioned population problems coupled with problems brought about by urbanization have made Pakistan to be among the countries that are most affected by population growth. In Japan, for example, half of all current household spending comes from people over 60, compared with 13% of spending from people under 40. The stated planning programmes failed in Pakistan because of a weakness in the administrative structure these programmes were subjected to. In addition to the large population that Pakistan has, it is characterized with the fastest rate of urbanization with more than 35% of its total population living in urban areas (Sathar 3). Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. Request a complimentary demonstration of our award-winning market research today. 2020. If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our The encouraging future of e-commerce in Pakistan Pakistan has recently recorded massive rise in online shopping trends and other e-commerce businesses Junaid Ahmad October 19, 2015 Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) If you purchase a report that is updated in the next 60 days, we will send you the new edition and data extract FREE! What will be the age make-up of the consumer market? If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. To achieve this objective, the government needs to be objective since it has limited resources. The problems of every class, caste, ethnicity and gender vary and cannot be seen through a single lens. This stresses the highly needed commitment to contraceptive methods and other population control methods in order to reduce the population growth rate substantially. Poverty is believed to have increased by 10% in the past decade hitting a total of 40% of total population (Sathar 3).
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