Latin American region. The indigenous population in Indigenous Women in Latin America is estimated at around 40 to 50 million people, or 8 percent to 10 percent of the regionâs overall population. In Latin America. The MENA countries contribute around $3.3 trillion in GDP every year, which accounts for about 4.5% of the worldâs total economy. Countries & Regions JICA pursues a coordinated, comprehensive approach to address the most pressing issues faced by each country and region. There Latin American countries were perceived by the US to have established radical regimes which meant regimes that sought to implement policies that were in the interest of the common people and diminished or eliminated the interests of the US companies in the economies of their respective countries. The publication finds that, despite important advances, indigenous communities in the region are disproportionately affected by poverty, and continue to face widespread economic and social exclusion. Most of the population in the MENA region concentrate in middle-income countries, which are home to about 60% of the worldâs oil and 45% of the worldâs natural gas, and therefore play an important role for the global economic outlook. For a long time, undernutrition was prevalent in most South American countries, but in recent years overweight and obesity have overtaken undernutrition as a key nutritional issue. Following are the five challenges faced by Latin America to achieve real equality between men and women: Economic empowerment: women have a huge potential to energize the economies of the countries, but many times gender discrimination frustrates these expectations. This is believed to indicate Latin American countries' growing hopes on Japan. 28 The second is the Human Development Index of the United Nations. In theory, Latin Americaâs cultural similarities make it suited to hub-style operations, where work is controlled from a single office. Sebastian Strauss and Ernesto Talvi introduce Spotlight Latin America, a collection of essays outlining key issues and priorities for the region in 2018 and beyond. First of all, conditions of policy have changed. Given the importance of outside intervention, of colonial control from Spain and Portugal, as well as economic interference from some other sectors, and also the importance of landlord rule in many parts of Latin America, developing central governments that had any kind of effective control over the larger territories they officially ruled was a significant issue. There are many challenges ahead for Latin American countries, but luckily the regionâs leaders have their feet on the ground. The raid was just one incident in a long history of discrimination against Latino people in the United States. Most people in the region speak Spanish or Portuguese, although French, English, Dutch, and Kreyol are also spoken in parts of the Caribbean, Central America, and â¦ For example, uncertainty about the course of economic policy and reforms in Brazil and Mexico likely contributed to the slowdown in real GDP and investment growth in 2019. The policy debate in many countries has become quite pragmatic, while discussions on issues that have led to heated debates in the past, such as trade and foreign direct investment, are now carried out in a cooler manner and on a more technical level. It includes 19 sovereign nations and one non-independent territory, Puerto Rico. A report by the World Bank, Indigenous Latin America in the Twenty-First Century, shines light on the situation of Indigenous Peoples across Latin America. Latin America is the region with the second lowest greenhouse gas emissions in the world (11.7 per cent), according to a United Nations report, but it is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, since the damage caused by extreme climatic events are a new challenge to its development. Brazil, Colombia, and Peru worked to process record numbers of Venezuelan asylum applications, and launched special visa programs for some new arrivals. (b) In the 1987 trade between Japan and Latin American countries, Japan's export totaled $8,764.22 million, down 7.7% from the previous year, and Japan's import increased by 2.6% to total $6,002.68 million. In some Latin American countries, it is primarily security concerns that drive parents away from public school systems. Consequently, Latin America will remain a breeding ground for political unrest. The Nature Conservancyâs work in Latin America spans 15 countries and draws on a wide range of partnerships to transform how people use nature while improving livelihoods and protecting some of the worldâs most biodiverse places. Latin America is a region of the world that spans two continents, North America (including Central America and the Caribbean) and South America. Latin America is blessed with an abundance of fresh water. Choose one of the areas below to find out more. Latin America and the Caribbean countries. While much if not all of the region has emerged from low income status, neither growth nor productivity has increased sufficiently to enable Latin America to narrow the gap separating it from the world's most developed economies. The subject countries are Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and Mexico. The first of these is the educational performance, which shows that the Latin American continent has worse performance and achievements than other emerging regions such as Asia. This includes seeking to establish equal opportunities for women in education and employment. Indigenous peoples account for at least half of the population in countries such as Bolivia, Guatemala , and Peru . It is typically taken to exclude philosophy produced in non-Iberian former colonies, with the occasional exception of former French colonies in the Caribbean. Asian countries mix âPyramidâ behaviour with other traits seemingly inconsistent with a hierarchical structure including consensus behaviour and always putting âfamily firstâ. Now the countries of Latin America are facing new, more complex tasks, which differ from the previous problems at least in two important aspects. Resource-rich lands and waters across the region are increasingly exploited in the form of logging, ranching, agricultural and mining operations to meet the soaring demand for raw exports like oil and timber in the north. The decline in social and economic inequality registered in many Latin American countries since the late 1990s coincided with a shift away from the politics of market-based structural adjustment and towards a political landscape in which the social problems of poverty and inequality play a prominent role.