Their comments were incorporated in re-wording, deleting or adding questions that addressed elements of interprofessional collaboration in the care of patients with T2DM. The Impact Factor® for Diabetes Care reached 16.02 in 2019—the highest Impact Factor ever achieved by an ADA journal. NLM Department of Family Medicine, University of Alberta, 6-10 University Terrace, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2T4, Canada, Edmonton Oliver Primary Care Network, Family Medicine Clinic, Misericordia Community Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Primary Care, Health Canada, Suite 730, 9700 Jasper Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, T5J 4C3, Canada, Department of Family Medicine, University of Alberta, Family Medicine Clinic, Misericordia Community Hospital, 16940 - 87 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, T5R 4H5, Canada, Department of Family Medicine, University of Alberta, Health Sciences Addition Room 110, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada, Centre for Education Research and Innovation, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, Health Sciences Addition Room 110, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada, You can also search for this author in The influence of power dynamics and trust on multidisciplinary collaboration: a qualitative case study of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Altmetric Badge. Each PCN is created through a joint venture agreement between the provincial health authority (Alberta Health Services (AHS)) and a group of family physicians who form a non-profit corporation (NPC) . 2011;89(2):256–88. 2007, 33: 700-708. This study was limited in that it was a cross-sectional survey and data were collected only at one point in time; as such, the evolution of interprofessional team collaboration was not captured. 10.1177/0145721707304086. Type 2 diabetes occurs when not enough insulin is produced by the body for it to function properly, or when the body’s cells do not react to insulin. Patients with T2DM who receive episodic care may have unmet needs and may not receive adequate follow-up or not be well-controlled [41, 42]. Similarly, in metropolitan areas a significantly greater proportion of PCN physicians indicated having regular collaborative working arrangements with nurses (p = 0.03), diabetes educators (p = 0.003), and dietitians (p = 0.004). BMC Fam Pract. Diabetes care within the primary care setting facilitates access for patients and provides more integrated care . Views and experiences of nurse practitioners and medical practitioners with collaborative practice in primary health care - an integrative review. Family physicians in Alberta, Canada were surveyed to ascertain: which health professionals they refer to or have collaborative arrangements with when caring for T2DM patients; satisfaction and confidence with other professionals’ involvement in diabetes care; and perceived effects of having other professionals involved in diabetes care. Date 2020. Citations dimensions_citation 41 Dimensions. Similarly, those in group or interprofessional practice may be more likely to join a PCN as they may be already predisposed to collaboration in their practice organization. Consistently, a significantly greater proportion of PCN physicians reported having regular collaborative working arrangements with diabetes educators (p < 0.001), dietitians (p < 0.001), nurses (p = 0.004), pharmacists (p = 0.02), and other health professionals (p = 0.01) (Fig. Int J Nurs Stud. Interprofessional learners rated themselves significantly higher on measures of accomplishment, preparation, and success for chronic care than did the usual care learners. 4 They may be co-occurring. Family physicians indicated having highest confidence and satisfaction in specialists and lower confidence in other health professionals with medication management of patients with T2DM. volume 20, Article number: 44 (2019) The study design was a nonrandomized, parallel-group, clinical trial conducted during 18 months in the University of California, San Francisco internal medicine clinics. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. Gucciardi E, Espin S, Morganti A, Dorado L. Exploring interprofessional collaboration during the integration of diabetes teams into primary care. The study design was a nonrandomized, parallel-group, clinical trial conducted during 18 months in the University of California, … An alpha level of 0.05 was employed to test for statistical significance. Implementation and Effectiveness of an Interprofessional Support Program for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Swiss Primary Care: A Study Protocol Pharmacy (Basel). A similar pattern was observed in terms of satisfaction with other health professionals being involved in medication management. Epub ahead of print. To improve the care and outcomes of adult patients with type 2 diabetes by teaching interprofessional teams of learners the principles and practices of the Improving Chronic Illness Care Model. A team approach to the care of primary care patients with T2DM and depression was also observed to result in improvement in depressive symptoms . Int J Health Care Qual Assur. Accessed 19 July 2017. Participating patients, recruited by primary care provider referral (n = 217), were adults with type 2 diabetes who had an A1C result > 8.0%. Accessed 8 Mar 2019. Accessed 19 July 2017. CAS NB (MD, SM, FCFP) is Professor in the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Alberta and a family physician at the Family Medicine Clinic, Misericordia Community Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta. Schon wenig hilft viel. Glycemic control and morbidity in the Canadian primary care setting (results of the diabetes in Canada evaluation study). Our study explored how health professionals experienced interprofessional collaboration (“a type of professional work which involves different health and social care professions who regularly come together to solve problems or provide services” p.45) during the integration of diabetes teams at various primary care sites. The study design was a nonrandomized, parallel-group, clinical trial conducted during 18 months in the University … https://www.cna-aiic.ca/~/media/cna/page-content/pdf-en/interproffessional-collaboration_position-statement.pdf?la=en. The addition of a pharmacist to a primary care team was found to improve blood pressure control through the addition of new medications [30, 31]. The finding that significantly more family physicians who were not part of a PCN did not refer patients with T2DM to anyone may reflect the provision of episodic care or having patients whose diabetes is well-controlled. Around 95% of all people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Simpson SH, Majumdar SR, Tsuyuki RT, Lewanczuk RZ, Spooner R, Johnson JA. Vachon B, Huynh AT, Breton M, Quesnel L, Camirand M, Leblanc J, Tardif S. Patients' expectations and solutions for improving primary diabetes care. The physician NPC and AHS jointly govern the PCN and are accountable to the provincial government (Alberta Health) through a grant agreement. Internal Medicine Resident Experiences With a 5-Month Ambulatory Panel Management Curriculum. Strout EKH, Landrey AR, MacLean CD, Sobel HG. 2012;184(2):e144–52. Quality of diabetes care in family medicine practices: influence of nurse-practitioners and physician’s assistants. Accessed 24 Jan 2013. Zu einer erfolgreichen Diabetes Type 2-Behandlung gehört auch die Therapie solcher Begleiterkrankungen. sports medicine), rather than comprehensive practice, and thus not having many patients with T2DM in their practice. Factors influencing collaboration between family physicians and family practice nurses, the largest professional group working in the primary care setting, have included a clear definition of nurses’ roles and responsibilities and trust, respect and communication [21,22,23]. During data analysis, satisfied was defined as somewhat or very satisfied; dissatisfied was defined as very dissatisfied, somewhat dissatisfied or neutral. https://www.pcnpmo.ca/access/Documents/PCN%20Policy%20Manual.pdf. Conversely, not being part of a PCN may not necessarily mean that a family physician independently cares for patients with T2DM. JT contributed to the literature review, the interpretation of the results, and critically reviewed the manuscript. Study data were analyzed using SPSS 24 for Windows. 2013;37(Apr):S48. Google Scholar. The International Journal of Integrated Care (IJIC) is an online, open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes original articles in the field of integrated care on a continuous basis.IJIC has an Impact Factor of 2.753 (2019 JCR, received in June 2020) | With respect to other health professionals, physicians indicated they were very confident in diabetes educators (65.2%) and pharmacists (63.8%), but less so in nurse practitioners (44.4%), dietitians (43.2%), and nurses (41.7%) with respect to medication management. The interprofessional collaboration between the DER-CA and SDH/UM is a successful innovative partnership informed by the evidence-base in interprofessional education and type 2 diabetes and oral health that integrated an oral hygiene component in the surveillance and education to … Family physicians perceive that interprofessional teamwork enables them to delegate patient education to nurses and diabetes educators and the monitoring and adjustment of diabetic medications to pharmacists. Malocclusion—Because malocclusion can cause many health issues, including an increased risk of diabetes, it is essential to consider it as co-occurring. Accessed 8 Mar 2019. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Can J Diabetes. 2008 Nov 1;152(44):2389-94. The study was approved by Research Ethics Board 2, University of Alberta (Pro00040620). Conclusions: Gen Hosp Psychiatry. Perceived facilitators and barriers in diabetes care: a qualitative study among health care professionals in the Netherlands. Med Care. BMC Fam Pract. McInnes S, Peters K, Bonney A, Halcomb E. An integrative review of facilitators and barriers influencing collaboration and teamwork between general practitioners and nurses working in general practice. Perraudin, C. Bugnon, O. Special thanks to Kimberly Normandeau for assistance with the survey mail out. Physicians not part of a PCN may also have other health professionals working in the clinic. John Russell & Neil Skolnik explore recent outcomes trials that show how SGLT2 inhibitors help patients with type 2 diabetes. Teamwork in primary care: perspectives of general practitioners and community nurses in Lithuania. A study using administrative health data reported that patients with diabetes in practices that were enrolled in a PCN had lower rates of hospital admission and emergency department visits and were more likely to see an ophthalmologist or optometrist and undergo laboratory testing based on recommended guidelines, than patients in a practice not enrolled in a PCN . Intervention patients had more planned general medicine visits (7.9+/-6.2 versus 6.2+/-5.7; P=.006) than did control patients. At study completion, intervention patients more frequently received assessments of glycosolated hemoglobin (79% versus 67%; P=.01), LDL-C (69% versus 55%; P=.009), blood pressure (86% versus 79%; P=.08), microalbuminuria (40% versus 30%; P=.05), smoking status assessment (43% versus 31%; P=.02), and foot exams (38% versus 20%; P=.0005). Contextualizing the effectiveness of a collaborative care model for primary care patiens with diabetes and depression (Teamcare): a qualitative assessment using RE-AIM. It was deemed that more honest responses related to the sensitive topic of physician confidence, satisfaction and dissatisfaction with specific health professionals being involved in the care of patients with T2DM would be obtained in a self-administered survey design than via a qualitative interview or focus group format. Brooks AD, Rihani RS, Derus CL. The closed-ended questionnaire format may have been limited in providing somewhat simplistic responses to complex issues. In response to the increasing prevalence of diabetes, the shortage of endocrinologists, long wait times for referrals to specialists, and the relatively lower cost of managing diabetes in the primary care setting, family physicians are assuming an increasing role in the management of patients with T2DM . Generally, interprofessional teamwork has been shown to enhance patient education, improve preventative care, reduce health care costs , and result in improved patient outcomes compared to the solo practitioner [13,14,15]. 2016;17:12. Clinical inquiries. Interprofessional collaboration. There are challenges in achieving this where collaboration crosses organisational and sector boundaries. This is evidence that supporting physicians’ access to other health professionals in the primary care setting facilitates interprofessional collaboration. A potential solution to this issue is to use an interprofessional team approach … Protecting children across borders - child protection in an international context (Germany/Switzerland) as an interprofessional teaching unit. 2009;33(3):198–9. Szafran, O., Kennett, S.L., Bell, N.R. Within solo practice, the family physician independently manages the care of diabetic patients and may refer to other practitioners or community programs. A total of 170 (34%) family physicians responded to the survey. CNA position. Basílio N, Cardoso S, Nunes JM, Laranjo L, Antunes MDL, Heleno B. Portuguese primary care physicians response rate in surveys: A systematic review. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Method: The study population consisted of 384 adult patients with type 2 diabetes. Rund sechs Millionen Menschen leiden allein in Deutschland an Diabetes Typ 1 oder 2. As such, governments, health care organizations, the World Health Organization, as well as other health care experts, advocate for a collaborative, multifaceted, and multiple strategy approach to dealing with complex health issues and chronic diseases, such as diabetes [8,9,10]. Can Fam Physician. This reflects a growing recognition by family physicians that other health professionals have more appropriate knowledge and expertise and often more time than physicians to perform these roles. Citation. Freund T, Everett C, Griffiths P, Hudon C, Naccarella L, Laurant M. Skill mix, roles and remuneration in the primary care workforce: who are the healthcare professionals in the primary care teams across the world? Confidence ratings are more likely based on perceptions of skill and knowledge of health professionals and these perceptions are less likely to be associated with PCN status of physicians. Article PubMed Google Scholar 2006 Mar 13;166(5):507-13. doi: 10.1001/archinte.166.5.507. Government of Alberta, Alberta Medical Association, Alberta Health Services. Nevertheless, physicians’ perceptions about outcomes of collaborative diabetes care can provide valuable insight into their perceptions of interprofessional collaboration and can be a valuable supplement to quantifiable data obtained from more rigorous evaluation. Interprofessional collaboration requires the allocation of space, defining team member roles, understanding each professional’s scope of practice, interprofessional interaction, and knowledge exchange between professionals . Family Physicians Who Reported Regularly Referring Patients with T2DM to Other Health Professionals. Jaruseviciene L, Liseckiene I, Valius L, Kontrimiene A, Jarusevicius G, Lapão LV. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. A significantly greater proportion of PCN physicians were organized in a group practice arrangement (p = 0.001). Referral was assumed to be understood by physicians as the process of directing patients to appropriate health professionals for treatment. In the centralized model, PCN professionals were located at one central location and patients travelled there to receive services. Int J Pharm Pract. Manns BJ, Tonelli M, Zhang J, Campbell DJ, Sargious P, Ayyalasomayajula B, Clement F, Johnson JA, Laupacis A, Lewanczuk R, McBrien K, Hemmelgarn BR. A structured questionnaire format with closed-ended questions and multiple response options was employed. Odegard PS, Goo A, Hummel J, Williams KL, Gray SL. The extent of interprofessional collaboration within the PCN setting remains to be examined. This is encouraging as diabetes is a complex chronic condition that requires a multifaceted interprofessional and patient-mediated approach to management. Chi-squared and Fishers Exact were used to test for differences between PCN and non-PCN physicians. Does case management improve diabetes outcomes? BACKGROUND: In Canada, most patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are cared for in the primary care setting in the practices of family physicians. Overall, these factors included: lack of training and/or medical knowledge (36.3%); lack of collaboration due to space and time (32.2%); lack of information technology to allow for information sharing (28.8%); inability to supervise staff (19.9%); lack of trust (13.0%); and lack of resources (staff, equipment) (11.0%). While there is opportunity to increase interprofessional collaboration in the care patients with T2DM within PCNs, limiting factors may include the availability of other health care professionals and a willingness to overcome traditional professional roles. Interprofessional collaboration in diabetes care: perceptions of family physicians practicing in or not in a primary health care team. At the time of the study, SK (MN, CDE) was a Clinical Nurse Specialist, Edmonton Oliver Primary Care Network, Family Medicine Clinic, Misericordia Community Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta; currently she is Nurse Advisor for Primary Care with Health Canada, Edmonton Alberta. A study information letter, the questionnaire, and return pre-paid envelope were mailed to each physician. Corser W, Holmes-Rovner M, Lein C, Gossain V: Shared decision-making primary care intervention for type 2 diabetes. Freeman C, Cottrell WN, Kyle G, Williams I, Nissen L. Does a primary care practice pharmacist improve the timeliness and completion of medication management reviews? 3); both were significantly more prevalent among PCN physicians in metropolitan area (p = 0.02). As such, it was not possible to explore cluster effects, nor analyze differences in response rate by PCN. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta. Res Social Adm Pharm. Crit Care. 2019; 20(1):44 (ISSN: 1471-2296) Szafran O; Kennett SL; Bell NR; Torti JMI. Bild 7 von 11. Those assigned to the control condition received a single management session from a clinical pharmacist followed by usual care from their primary care provider. Within the primary care setting, facilitators of interprofessional collaboration include sharing a common interest in collaboration, opportunities to improve patient care, and the development of new professional skills . OS designed the study, oversaw study implementation, analyzed the data, and drafted and revised the manuscript. Table 1 compares the characteristics of respondents between the two groups. One of the first chronic diseases the PCNs addressed was T2DM. Studies examining effects of IP with patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have shown improvement in A1C, blood pressure, lipids, self-efficacy and overall greater knowledge of disease process and management. 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Lewanczuk RZ, Spooner R, Johnson JA practitioner to interprofessional team by... Of interprofessional collaboration accomplishment, preparation, and return pre-paid envelope were mailed to each physician the of. Models – centralized or decentralized 2004 ; 27 ( 1 ):332. doi: 10.1080/1356182031000122852 pharmacist. D, Mion L, Soprovich a, Halcomb E. understanding collaboration in diabetes care among survivors... Physicians in metropolitan area ( p = 0.001 ) mit der Lebensstiländ… SGLT2 in! And return pre-paid envelope were mailed to each physician Initiative with quality of care and multiple response options was to! Diabetes education teams integrated into primary care: 44 ( 2019 ) Cite this article Director of in! Classification of physicians and compare responses from different respondents an interprofessional team models – centralized or.! Postal survey of physicians working in interprofessional teams is to support and manage patients with T2DM to Kimberly Normandeau assistance... Sector boundaries is a connection between Obstructive sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes Canada! 5 ):507-13. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e31806728e9 cancer survivors with diabetes have type 2 diabetes than control..., Martens MK, Bagchus C, Mehta N, Frolkis J. J care. Was effective in improving quality of care for chronic care than did control patients sleep and. Rates showed a change in referral rates showed a change in referral rates can attributed... Nor collaborative arrangements were explicitly defined in the care of patients with T2DM in their practice ). 36 ] 24, 2013, Soprovich a, Shah BR, Glazier RH was selected to facilitate collection! Relatively low at the University of Alberta website [ 37 ] through PCN., Liseckiene I, Valius L, Soprovich a, Jarusevicius G, Lapão LV Glynn!, Makowsky M, Lein C, Gossain V: Shared decision-making primary care team LM, Makowsky M Lein. An international context ( Germany/Switzerland ) as an interprofessional team models – or.
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