15.3.1 Federation All cloud computing providers, regardless of how big they are, have a finite capacity. This actor/role 108 based model used the guiding principles of the NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture 109 to develop an 11 component model which are described individually and how they function as an 110 ensemble. IV. FEDERATED CLOUD ARCHITECTURE AND ITS COMPONENTS The three basic components of federated cloud architecture are 1) Cloud Exchange 2) Cloud Coordinator 3) Cloud broker. @m���ZM�a]�!1�Q�C����:� q�u�7�p:�\;�|��p��u6��O� �xm��֌�.�M�=HW�a������n�zN��o�bh�V���B������ �%Xl�ɲ?v�y�,����������Ae��ݗ���ωlVԍ��A�MJ�IB�P�&ƴ�-���Y>�^'�2;�j�f�[email protected]��d>��X���bA�5�7�(�l3E�-`�[�'�+��ww�#��δ���{�F�'~ i]�� providers of cloud computing to allow virtual applications to freely migrate, grow, and shrink. (PDF) An architecture for federated cloud computing | Johan Tordsson - Academia.edu Utility computing, a concept envisioned back in the 1960s, is finally becoming a reality. This document describes these components individually and how they function as an ensemble. The following diagram explains the evolution of cloud computing: Benefits To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic exam-ination of the unique features of federated mobile cloud computing. <> Mauricio Paletta, Sharing Medical Information by Means of Using Intelligent Agents and Cloud Computing, Cloud Computing Applications for Quality Health Care Delivery, 10.4018/978-1-4666-6118-9.ch008, (140-170), (2014). 7 0 obj stream ... Download full-text PDF Download full-text PDF Read full-text. :�����$�l�X�I��G5\Tt[%�^��w�at&Y��c- {U�ђ��l��d�P)tF5�B�48��]�Z9� ��E�U���k]�Aw��ˎE�BK���0���`��в�/^@r�!�0�6�}յl;�fp�8�NUG� stream Cloud Architecture The nature of assuring resource shar-ing across multiple clouds depends on the collaborative environment. - "IaaS Cloud Architecture: From Virtualized Datacenters to Federated Cloud Infrastructures" Self-manageable Cloud infrastructures are required in order to comply with users’ requirements specified by Service Level Agreements (SLAs) on one hand and to minimize user interactions with the system on the other hand. Section IV introduces our vision of a reference architecture for federated Clouds. This actor/role- based model used the guiding principles of the NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture to develop an eleven component model. the stage is set for the next generation of cloud computing. endstream 3 0 obj << That architecture will mirror the public – private RosettaNet structure. Now, your website is put in the cloud server as you put it on dedicated server.People start visiting your website and if you suddenly need more computing power, you would scale up according to the need. The shift comes in four main parts: 1. Cloud computing relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economies of scale similar to a utility (like the electricity grid) over a network. 4�?t7���`�ﻀ��z���]��D�� \=V"��i��,�E������ޣ*F���zƁwo�"�J�FG(��a�u��wH�R9��X����V�?���oE��QD;������tM?�=����r?O���Y`_�lWՍ�(5M|?�W��҃O��"��X���/����,�T[k ;�ۑ H� "��������b�a�.�$�N����� Our primary strategy is to grow the cloud from the inside out. This actor/role-based model used the guiding principles of the NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture to develop an eleven component model. This document presents the NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture (RA) and Taxonomy (Tax) that will accurately communicate the components and offerings of cloud computing. overview of the state of the art Cloud Stack and describes economic problems related to Cloud Computing. endobj The guiding 107 This document presents the NIST Federated Cloud Reference Architecture model. Since then, cloud computing has been evolved from static clients to dynamic ones from software to services. � 8p.i�? 9 0 obj ��ͅ�j�A������hF9�K.��(�KB���;b�rl]ޟg�. ;�b�"G�W�T�R�W�+�|T�U��W��u�z��[=BD���$ר���ZJOO�j��+p�r؎Zh�� process management. The brokering and coordinator services support utility-driven federation of clouds: application scheduling, resource allocation and migration of workloads. Cloud computing exploits many existing technologies. The cloud also focuses on maximizing the effectiveness of the shared resources. Cloud Federation Cloud Federation refers to the unionization of software, infrastructure and platform services from disparate networks that can be accessed by a client via the internet. H�T�Mo�0���>v�! /Length 1989 Grids were more focused to deliver storage and computing resources while cloud computing … FEDERATED IDENTITY ARCHITECTURE AGAINST IDENTITY THEFT EGHBAL GHAZIZADEH ... January 2013. ii I declare that this project report entitled “A Novel Trusted Base Model for Cloud Computing Using Federated Identity Architecture against Identity Theft” is the result The idea of federation has taken root in in enterprise IT systems, from architecture to identify management. %PDF-1.4 <> GOVERNANCE. Federated Collaboration Federated collaboration is characterized The Reservoir model and architecture for open federated cloud computing Abstract: The emerging cloud-computing paradigm is rapidly gaining momentum as an alternative to traditional IT (information technology). E׫[6����F3D�aF���wF��! !�t�A(���Y6�t�� �㨬KV� I�[��c"�Be�K�ԭ����N'�1/&��Kd��nTka{"�zTF,ډ X Big data analytics (BDA) and cloud are a top priority for most CIOs. To grow beyond this capacity, cloud computing providers should be 398 AN ARCHITECTURE FOR FEDERATED CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud federation is the practice of interconnecting the cloud computing environments of two or more service providers for the purpose of load balancing traffic and accommodating spikes in demand.. [2] At the foundation of cloud computing is the broader concept of converged infrastructure and shared services. Model for federated cloud computing: (a) Different cloud providers collaborate by sharing their resources while keeping thick walls in between them; that is, each is … This encourages competition and innovation. Figure 1 shows three types of collaborations (federated, loosely coupled, and ad hoc) that can fulfill the aforementioned au-thorization requirements. The architecture is centered on proactive defense. We also systematically examine the challenges encountered in designing security architecture for federated mobile cloud computing systems. stream 4 Federated Agile Cloud Security Architecture Now we present the cloud security architecture, which can offer the defender inherent capabilities of situational awareness and early warning against dynamic cyber threats in federated cloud computing environments. This document presents the NIST Federated Cloud Reference Architecture model. ��Ĉxs�yfDfQb�¨�εi��C1��D�^�ƭʝMٹ���9F!�Q1S��������f��Y�`�2>�fXF˼��a �Q-���Y_�,����V��� Z)�B��A(��oH\j+!�+k��T�pGp9��Z���D�}��ҝI:��VJ�����Z��,;��.\�;w�)��h��[e}"���Ŷ��ȷqAeH�!醋`� ��� �d]w.��h�c7�3p&��k��~Ѝ�U�p�@��']({�F:r2[�cw0�x!��.��Q�@��#���0t������;�=�i�B(�hZ{F�oۨNy�� ���������E�r�4�'O�D�U�I�R�! Figure 1. Executive Overview . However, contemporary cloud-computing offerings are primarily targeted for Web 2.0-style applications. endobj H�dTkPTG��辐���q3�%�A�C� �¨�Dt P��Gx��,�`��Ł]�aW0A� b!�T�h| �.�A|�Ƙlm�u. 4.1 Architecture Description %���� An Enterprise Private Cloud Architecture and Implementation Roadmap [email protected] White Paper INTEL IT CLOUD COMPUTING STRATEGY The Intel IT cloud computing strategy, shown in Figure 1, is designed to deliver benefits including increased agility and more efficient resource utilization. �o}�|����9t�X4QN��j��[mC�B� 6����03!�6�k��x�֭�4��paXX�u0X��+��}M)Y����?.Z�=(�C�WA��c����� ˏœ+�j�(�"O��KSԐ �c�u"w��0T�����n,"��r�\��"��r���a�+qu�֕�o��N�+�y��������p�)�w�������;jN��ˆ�Sr�F8�S�86:F�ӕ>��9��M�@�G��. federated cloud approach is that it democratizes the supply side of cloud computing by allowing small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) and new entrants to become cloud providers. ?W�dƛH5#f�[email protected]%�W��JdP��9H�9��%����@�A�O�ll���}����4�J�rۃmg�Q*�̰���F_��$�0�.�a+v�cq}Ʀ���:��]����%��x�äy��s�h����%-q_ In computing, the word “federation” is used to describe … features of federated mobile cloud computing. Just as we can power a variety of devices, ranging from a simple light bulb to complex machinery, … Adequate SLA monitoring strategies and timely … Local data center CloudOS Cloud site 1 Local data center CloudOS CloudOS Cloud site 2 Corporate cloud Cloud Type • Very large corporate clouds (private, public or virtual private) with several instances The book will also aim to identify potential research directions and technologies that will facilitate creation a global market-place of cloud computing services supporting scientific, industrial, business, and consumer applications. But it has not yet made its way to the cloud. %���� {����I*���u��|���|� The RESERVOIR Model and Architecture for Open Federated Cloud Computing B. Rochwerger D. Breitgand E. Levy A. Galis K. Nagin I. Llorente R. Montero Y. Wolfsthal E. Elmroth J. Caceres M. Ben-Yehuda W. Emmerich F. Galan´ Abstract The emerging cloud computing paradigm is rapidly gaining momentum as an alterna-tive to traditional IT. It also re-veals the bottlenecks of FedReID under the real-world scenario, The benchmark analysis shows that the client-edge-cloud architec-ture, represented by the federated-by-dataset scenario, has better performance than client-server architecture in FedReID. F�d In particular, Cloud Federation architecture . This problem is overcome by cloud hosting. Challenges in Hybrid and Federated Cloud Computing 24/30 ... Multi-tier Cloud Architecture! scenarios, and (3) an enhanced federated algorithm for FedReID. �{r_w� ��[��� �� Zz��ᓛ�K��痧 �TZ��A؉��D�� Ok�1�b�#��$8�F����T�&���CGS:p�Az[z����C��Kc��p¾CDO��j [email protected]�C�Y0~!�b�!fC��|QS %���>z}�P�O'Aq�D:� The federation of cloud resources is facilitated through network gateways that connect public or external clouds, private or internal clouds (owned by a single entity) and/or community clouds (owned […] K��8�c�T�����p <> %PDF-1.5 Cloud Customer Architecture for Big Data and Analytics V2.0 . Abstract This document presents the NIST Federated Cloud Reference Architecture model. /Filter /FlateDecode Nowadays public Cloud providers offer similar services within few service models, mainly IaaS and PaaS. Federation, in its most basic form, is a group of services that agree to respect each other’s statement of trust. One of the aforementioned limiting factors in current cloud-computing offerings is the lack of support for BSM, www.egi.euEGI-InSPIRE RI-261323 Federated Cloud solution The Federated Cloud Solution is providing access to digital resources on a flexible environment, using common standards to support data- and computing intensive experiments: • a set of independent cloud services presented coherently as a single system using common standards. definition of Cloud Computing, is needed to describe an overall framework that can be used government-wide. 5 0 obj “Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service This document describes these components individually and how they function as an ensemble. The evolution of Internet of Things (IoT) technology has led to an increased emphasis on edge computing for Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), in which applications rely on processing data closer to the data sources, and sharing the results across heterogeneous clusters. With Cloud Computing, you have access to computing power when you needed. The concept of Cloud Computing came into existence in 1950 with implementation of mainframe computers, accessible via thin/static clients. Finally, we give thought to We will describe a cloud computing structure that provides both the minimal required information and workflow for some process, but also provides organizations with the opportunity for additional capabilities in the same cloud computing environment. ?�!���Um��˝ą+Y�~�ڣ�k���l��:d��w0]CI;�}��;L�ڔhA��RT�@t�V�ҲFG The diagram above illustrates the change in architecture and deployment for identity, with the first step cloning directory services, moving to outsourced Identity as a Service (IDaaS) that extend in-house capabilities to the cloud: Cloud computing services turn traditional identity management on its ear. The RESERVOIR Model and architecture for open federated cloud computing. In Section III we define the term Cloud Federation and explain the concept in detail. For example, grid computing is the backbone of cloud computing in that grid has the same goals of resource sharing with better utilization of research facilities. 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