The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. So the seed harvest comes from theÂ femaleÂ plants, the males do their pollinating job then die back, and do not produce seed. There are 3 main types of nettle found in the u.k. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used – they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles… theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. It used to grow in many parts of southern England and south Wales, but its numbers have declined dramatically in the last 60 years, and it is now found in only a few dozen places. It is found growing in a range of habitats including; farmland, grasslands, hedgerows, road side verges, woodlands and gardens. Only by using other plants for support can this annual achieve its full potential, sometimes attaining a height of 40cm. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. A short but conspicuous plant with a spike of two-lipped red flowers at the top and nettle-shaped leaves below. As members of the mint family, these plants have square stems, toothy-edged leaves, and a spreading habit (read: they can go crazy). The stems are apparently useful for making rope because the fibers are so strong. Carefully fold and grab the leaves while pulling toward the leaf tip. Â We recommend that you consult with a qualified health care practitioner before using herbal products or foraged items, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing or on any medications. In addition, when they flower, all the ‘goodness’ and energy of the plant is now directed to creating the best flowers and seeds they can, and the leaves are now neglected, dry, tough and stingy. The seeds are encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered when green. But, before we do, we recall three simple foraging rules: correct identification, minimal harvesting, and safe, legal picking. The sting is not excruciating, but it is real, and the pain from it does hang on for some time–from a few minutes to hours. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. How do you like to use it? Nettle (or stinging nettle) is a plant also known as Bichu, Feuille d'Ortie, Graine d'Ortie, Grande Ortie, Ortie, Ortiga, Urtica, and other names. Compare this leaf to some of the older leaves in this image from the USDA, which are more distinctly heart shaped: Next, the stem. This can benefit … Yes, there are dead nettles, wood nettles, and other families. Nettles can be preserved by: You may be wondering about the sting. Why would you want to consume something that leaves you tingling? Pingback: Foraging In Oregon: Stinging Nettles, Sorrel & More - Hiker Trash Nation, Your email address will not be published. ***Â Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer. The leaves are heart- or lance-shaped, with a toothed ridge around the perimeter. Common nettle is a native species that can be found throughout the UK, favouring damp fertile and disturbed ground. Also, when you pick them green, they don’t keep their properties well if you try to dry them as their oils go rancid quite quickly, so they are best used fresh. It’s not that they will poison you, they are just not very palatable. Shop organic nettle leaf at Mountain Rose Herbs. But, no matter how negligent I may be, spring calls me now. The … The seeds of nettles are edible and medicinal.Â Common nettle is the best to harvest seeds from but they have separate female and male plants. These other nettles don’t have the stinging hairs. Stinging nettle is fairly distinctive. Nettles help butterflies. Seeing green popping up and out all over has reminded me that I need to be present among these growing things, that I need to learn what they are, what they have to offer, and how our family can best use them. There are a few other varieties of nettle that it can be confused with, but if you pay attention to the following features, you can be pretty confident of a correct identification. Urinary tract health. These nettles have a rich flavor ideal for cooking or brewing nettle leaf tea. Finally, the sting. You have found the perfect starting place for living your best green life. dioica Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Urticaceae Genus: Urtica Species: U. dioica Binomial name Urtica dioica L. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. The leaves are heavily veined and the undersides tend to have a purple hue between the veins. The photographs of Lamium galeobdolon ssp. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! The plant will have small âhairsâ up the stalk and stems. Identification Stinging nettle (Urtica genus) is a European native plant that has become naturalized throughout the United States. Urtica dioica Urtica dioica subsp. The stings are in fact tiny hollow needles full of various compounds waiting to enter into the layers of your skin on contact. Check it out for more info. Leaves opposite, heart shaped to lanceolate, toothed and armed with stinging hairs. The stem of a stinging nettle, just like the leaves, is covered in small, barb-like, stinging thorns or hairs. Making & Using Nettle Powder for Nutrition & Health, Herbal Teas You Can Grow or Forage Yourself, Stinging Nettle Recipes for Spring Eating, 12 Nettle Recipes to Add to Your Cookbook. The young smaller leaves, which emerge from the very apex of the stems, are usually the most tender and palatable. Once brown and dry, the seeds are of no use. It's considered an aggressive invasive and has become established and common in certain areas. First, the leaves. And the leaves attach to the stem opposite one another. Leave us a comment and let us know! Don’t harvest the stems. *** For educational purposes only. Commonly called dead nettles because their leaves resemble stinging nettles with no ability to sting, this near-evergreen plant (in mild climates) is a low creeper; some cultivars become randomly mounded. Following the simple foraging rules, remember to be sure that it is free to harvest. (Note also that the sting is removed during cooking.). A rhizomatous to stoloniferous perennial, common nettle is abundant and generally distributed in the UK and is recorded up to 2,700 ft. They have no stings and white flowers. Give it a try! Photos may not be used without permission. Identify the nettles. They are more closely compared in this previous post — along with Clearweed (Pilea pumila) — also a member of the nettle family. One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing You Can Do This Weekend!! Which is ironic because they are also used as a prevention against kidney stones… But, to be safe, if you mean to eat it or drink a tea made from it, harvest nettle before it flowers. White dead-nettle is a common plant of roadside verges, waste grounds and grassy banks - anywhere the ground has been disturbed. BECOME A CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family â and for the planet. What is nettle? Indigestion isn’t only utterly irritating, but it is draining at the same time. Unlike other dead-nettles, the toothed, heart-shaped finely-hairy leaves of Red Dead-nettle are all stalked, including those just above and below the flower whorl. (This is where the sting comes from!) If you have any inquiries please contact us at theyrenotourgoats at gmail dot com. Noedl is thought to be the root of the word nettle from Anglo-Saxon meaning needle. … The goal here is to avoid breaking the hollow barbs off in your skin–that’s when you get stung. I have read that there are other nettles that are good to eat as foods or drink as a tea. The best time to harvest it for eating is now–in the early spring when they first start to emerge, and especially before they flower. Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. Weeds are flowers too, once you get to know them. Nettle Seeds contain essential fatty acids Omega 3 oils and are used to support kidney and adrenal function and as a boost when over worked adrenals impacts on energy levels. The two plants on the right have stinging hairs along their stems. I love nettles. Some believe that after nettles have flowered, consuming them in great amounts can lead to kidney stones. More often Red Dead-nettle sprawls lazily rather than standing erect, and then its flower stems rarely rise to more than 10 to 20cm above the ground. In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products. The males produce pollen to fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the seeds. All content is the property of They're Not Our Goats. We love this plant in our household–stings and all. Follow Julie's Green Journal on WordPress.com. And, yes, that is Clearweed’s stem — second from the left. The Craft of Herbal Fermentation: A Course Re... how to identify and forage for stinging nettle, Foraging In Oregon: Stinging Nettles, Sorrel & More - Hiker Trash Nation. They have red, white and pink ‘hoodie’ shaped flowers are arranged in a whorl around the stem. Our organic nettle leaves (Urtica dioica) are harvested from long-standing, large European populations. Are there critters living in it? Stinging nettle lives up to its name, so if you want to avoid the sting, either: With both of these techniques, you can–and perhaps should–use scissors or some other suitable cutting tool, though you may gently pinch the leaves off as well. White Dead-nettle Lamium album has, as its common and scientific names declare, white flowers. Stir in the witch hazel. Stinging nettle can be found throughout North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. Leave some for it to thrive and propagate. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. argentatum shown on this page were taken in … Â This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Then post some images less than 4MB and a description of the plant into our 'Identify a plant' forum for our community of 100,000s to help you. Available in retail and bulk sizes. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Male and female flowers, greenish on separate plants. Nettle leaves are best gathered at two times in the year,Â when they are still fresh, green and tasty looking and before they have flowered: This is in spring and in autumn (IF they have been cut back, there will be a ‘second flush’ of fresh leaves).Pick the top few leaves, leaving the lower down ones alone. They all have different nutritional values. They are also said to promote glossy hair. Â Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. Habitat & Distribution. they are spear shaped and have 'teeth' along their edge. The plants are dark green, with leaves growing in pairs opposite each other. Medium to tall vigorous often patch forming plant, with stout stolons and square stems. The small hollow hairs contain the chemicals that cause the sting, so to avoid the sting, avoid breaking them–handle with care. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Afr Those plants are found in the Loosestrife, Verbena and Stinging Nettle families, but none of them smell minty. Still cannot identify it? The three main types you will come across if you look really hard are the Common (Urtica dioica), Dwarf (U.Â urens)and Roman (U. pilulifera). I love nettles. It has wooed me back to the land, and I know now that the problem was truly me–not it. Each pair is arranged at 90 degrees to the previous pair. Choose those over the older ones, unless you don’t mind a more robust experience. The leaves are technically described as lanceolate / oval, i.e. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. They are mostly oval or slightly heart-shaped and heavily toothed or serrated at the margins. Is it on your grouchy neighbor’s property? Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. Stinging Nettle identification of this bountiful wild edible is quick and easy. These are Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis). The nettle leaf is … Taking nettle with any medicines that make you sleepy can worsen this effect. Its white flowers appear from March right the way through to December. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). Strain the water and discard the nettle leaves. They come to a point and are covered with fine barb-like hairs. There are also Dead Nettles which look very similar but arenât actually nettles Â they are in a totally different family – the mints (Lamiaceae). It is native on riverbanks and in hedgerows, grassy places, near buildings and where the ground is littered with rubble. Stinging nettle rash can be irritating and painful, but it will usually resolve within a few days. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) Probably the most commonly known and recognized member of the Nettle Family (Urticaceae) is stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). Alternatively, you can freeze nettle pesto in an ice cube tray, or nettle soup in glass containers. Nettle Skin Toner: 1 cup dried nettle leaves (about double if using fresh) 1 cup distilled water; 1 cup witch hazel; Place the nettle leaves and water in a small saucepan and bring to a boil. Your email address will not be published. â A.A. 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