To become affiliated with a BISE, schools need to meet certain quality criteria set by the individual boards. Since then, increased participation rates in elementary and secondary education, as well as the surging youth population growth of recent years, have led to a rapid expansion of the system. General Aims 4. If Pakistan manages to educate and skill this surging youth population, it could harness a tremendous youth dividend that could help to fuel the country’s economic growth and modernization. PhDs produced in Pakistan since 1947 From 1947 to 2014, Pakistan’s higher education institutes (HEIs) produced 11,988 PhDs. In dentistry this requirement results in the award of the Master of Dental Surgery degree. One credit hour of laboratory or practical work requires three contact hours per week throughout the semester. Between 1998 and 2017, Pakistan’s average population growth rate was 2.40%. Click here for a PDF file of the academic documents referred to below. Study is conducted at law schools affiliated to a degree-granting university. Independent accreditation councils also exist in professions like law, architecture, engineering, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine. TVET in Pakistan is provided in various forms, from informal industry-based apprenticeship programs to secondary-level skills certificate and diploma programs of one or two years, as well as 10+3 programs that straddle secondary and post-secondary levels. As of 2014, Pakistan, having an estimated population of over 180 million, had student enrollment of 1.4 million, including over 900 foreign students and Afghan refugees, studying in … This is due to a number of factors, including:  data capture methodology, data integrity, definitions of ‘international student,’ and/or types of mobility captured (credit, degree, etc.). To obtain and maintain recognition (approval) by the HEC, institutions must have in place viable mission statements, adequate administrative and financial structures, facilities, academic programs, and faculty, and maintain internal quality assurance (QA) systems. The recent population of Pakistan is 186 millions. Depending on the jurisdiction, pupils who complete grade five may be allowed to progress into middle school without sitting for provincial exams. ... Population ages 0-14 (% of total population) Population ages 15-64 (% of total population) Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group) ... Search, browse and map more than 10,000 projects from 1947 to the present. The project is expected to improve weather forecasting in Pakistan and facilitate sustainable management of around 80,000 hectares of forest area. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent. Abuja. Private education features prominently in Pakistani elementary and middle school education, as it helps to bridge capacity gaps in the underfunded public sector.  |  Since HEIs rely heavily on non-tenured lecturers, the percentage of teaching staff with PhDs is consequently low. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! In a recent development, the MFEP announced that madrasah students will sit for federal board examinations and study the national curriculum by 2020 as part of the government’s drive to establish a uniform education system across Pakistan. There are seven groups or streams available in higher secondary education, including general, humanities, science, pre-medical, pre-engineering, medical technology, and home economics. Higher Education in Nigeria and the Emergence of Private Universities. Some universities did not have any professors who held doctoral qualifications. In recent years, the HEC has taken increased steps to enforce institutional compliance with QA regulations, amid scathing criticism of academic quality in Pakistan from education professionals and the public alike. Higher education institutions (HEIs) generally follow a semester semester system—two semesters of 16 to 18 weeks that run roughly from January through May and then August through December. According to the Global Youth Development Index published by the Commonwealth, a measure which uses the domains of civic participation, education, employment and opportunity, health and well-being, and political participation to gauge the progress of young people, Pakistan ranked only 154th of 183 countries, trailing sub-Saharan African nations like Sierra Leone or Ethiopia. Further, as part of ongoing technical assistance, the Bank is engaged with federal and provincial governments to improve understanding of seismic risks and enhance fiscal resilience to disaster shocks. TVET in Pakistan is provided in various forms, from informal industry-based apprenticeship programs to secondary-level skills certificate and diploma programs of one or two years… Bull Unesco Reg Off Educ Asia Pac. In these fields, the Bachelor of Eastern Medicine and Surgery is awarded upon completion of a five-year program and one-year clinical internship recognized by the National Council for Tibb. Research reveals co-ordination and collaboration strengths and weaknesses in population education. The data of the UNESCO Institute Statistics often provides the most reliable point of reference for comparison since it is compiled according to one standard method. Even so, the global population of college-aged people is expected to reach 800 million by 2040. Civics has recently been introduced in school curricula in place of Islamiyat for religious minority populations. Less than 6% of those in the age cohort 55-64 have a degree, compared to 8% in the 45-54 age cohort, 11% in the 35-44 age cohort and 16% in the age cohort 25–34. Another notable destination country is Germany, where Pakistan is now among the top 20 sending countries after enrollments jumped by 28 percent within just one year, from 3,836 in 2017 to 4,928 in 2018—a trend likely driven, among other factors, by the availability of tuition-free, high-quality graduate programs in engineering. Popul Educ Asia Pac Newsl Forum. See, for example, the related program offerings of the University of the Punjab.Â. To ensure the comparability of qualifications, they are being standardized in a variety of ways. Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. However, since teachers are hired at the provincial and regional levels, current practices vary significantly, predicated primarily on teacher shortages and a lack of qualified candidates. The truth is that, at the time of independence Pakistan had only one university, the University of Punjab. Other estimates, based on a modified definition of urban settlements, suggest that the ratio of urban to rural population could be 40.5 percent and even higher. In addition, the HEC has established dedicated accreditation councils responsible for quality assurance at the program level in specific disciplines (education, agriculture, computing, business, and technology). Following are short profiles of the new credit system, the most common grading scale, and the primary benchmark credentials of the current system. Beyond the dearth of funds, many observers note that the efficiency of the Pakistani system is also undermined by poorly managed top-down governance structures, a lack of qualified faculty and cooperation between institutions, red tape, comparatively high levels of corruption, and patronage networks in which positions are filled based on political allegiances rather than objective qualifications. It’s crucial to understand that huge socioeconomic disparities exist in Pakistan not only between rural and urban regions, but also between the country’s diverse provinces. The 2020 QS Rankings feature the Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (375), NUST (400), Quaid-i-Azam University (511–520), the Lahore University of Management Sciences (701–750), as well as COMSATS, the University of Engineering and Technology, and the University of the Punjab, all in the 801–1000 band. Introduction. For articulation between the different systems, the HEC recommends converting the old percentage grades to current letter grades as follows. Early childhood education (ECE) for children between the ages of three and four has historically been given little attention even in more affluent urban areas, where patchy public provision may be supplemented with private kindergartens. Examinations, including those of the private boards, are based on national curriculum guidelines. To modernize research in Pakistan and raise the qualifications profile of university faculty, the government supports this development with scholarship programs of considerable scale, considering Pakistan’s fiscal constraints. The goal is to create a system of competency-based, nationally standardized TVET qualifications that are aligned with international standards. In Pakistan, where nearly 22.5 million children are out of school, increasing access to education opportunities for out-of-school children is a priority. The number of affiliated colleges in Pakistan has consequently mushroomed since the 1990s. Pakistan is an Islamic state. Both public and private HEIs are authorized to operate by the federal or provincial governments based on the approval by the HEC, an autonomous agency set up in 2002. Under certain conditions, independent “private candidates” may also be allowed to sit for the exams without attending affiliated schools. The traditional English-speaking international study destinations, Australia and the U.S., are currently the top choices among Pakistani degree-seeking students, as per UNESCO statistics. The overall transition rate from elementary to middle school stood at 84 percent nationwide in 2017. As shown in the table below, attrition rates increase substantially as children progress up the educational ladder. The final grade average is typically converted into a letter grade. It is expected that by 2030 Pakistan’s population will exceed 242 million. Of the 209 DAIs/universities recognized by the HEC, 126—or 60 percent—are public. Further complicating matters, academic institutions have developed a wide range of “bridging programs” to enable graduates from the traditional, short bachelor’s programs to enroll in graduate programs within the current system. General as well as specific behavioral objectives for population education were developed by the National Committee on Population Education. Despite this growth, the TVET sector accommodates less than 15 percent of the nearly three million young people who enter the job market each year. Meaning and Definition of Population Education 2. However, the structure of higher education qualifications has undergone significant changes in recent years, transitioning to a four-year bachelor’s degree, followed by a one- to two-year master’s degree in line with global trends. The 2019 population density in Pakistan is 281 people per Km 2 (728 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 770,880 Km2 (297,638 sq. Depending on the location and predominantly in rural areas, regional languages are used as well, particularly in elementary education. These plans are partially driven by international pressure and concerns about political radicalization (see the section on madrasah education below). Overall education spending, including expenditures related to the school system, is low even by South Asian standards. In Canada, for instance, the number of Pakistani students has doubled over the past decade, if on a relatively small scale (4,050 students in 2019). Curriculum development specialists prepared model lessons on the integration of population education with social studies, Pakistan studies, Urdu, health and physical education, and nursing and general science for the guidance of textbook writers and teachers. While the integration of these refugees into Pakistan’s already overburdened and dysfunctional school system is a huge challenge, Pakistani authorities have undertaken at least some efforts to provide Afghans with access to higher education. 2013. But it appears to have been mostly unsuccessful in bringing about greater standardization at these institutions. Building Support for Adolescent Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education and Responding to Resistance in Conservative Contexts: Cases From Pakistan. There are more young people in Pakistan today than at any point in its history, and it has one of the world’s largest youth populations with 64 percent of Pakistanis now under the age of 30. Perhaps most strikingly, Pakistan has the highest number of out-of-school children worldwide after Nigeria: Approximately 22.7 million Pakistani children age five to 16—44 percent of this age group—did not participate in education in 2017. Pakistan hosts more than 1.4 million registered Afghans who have been forced to flee their homes. It has the world's second-largest Muslim population.It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). They include certificates equivalent to the completion of middle school, secondary school (shahadatul sanvia aama), and higher secondary school (shahadatul sanvia aama)—credentials that are formally considered on par with SSC and HSC exams by government authorities. Need and Importance of Population Education 3. Bretag, Tracey. Some research and evaluation projects have been undertaken periodically to study the effectiveness of some of the family planning programs. 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